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Water world – Wellness Hotel Patince ****

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Wellness **** panorama

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Wellness Hotel**** Patince

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Wellness hotel Patince**** – Relaxing experience

Sauna world

Curative effects of sauna have always been known. Hot air in sauna induces perspiration and excretion of harmful substances; it opens skin pores, improves skin perfusion, elasticity and its appearance. It increases the rate of metabolism, has anti-inflammatory and bactericidal effect and kills acaroids which live on the surface of a human body. Sauna also helps with various allergies, eczema, candidosis and mycotic infections, acne and skin diseases. It has proven curative effects in asthma, inflammations and allergies of airways. Sauna has anxiolytic and relaxing effects as well.

For more information about the Sauna world visit an official website of Wellness Hotel Patince ****

The history of sauna

We can find the beginnings of sauna, the way it is known today, on the North in Finland. The word „sauna“ is a Finish word and for more than three hundred years the old definition of this word defines sauna as “a house with the possibility to bath, where the air is warmed up by furnace.” The first Finish saunas could be found in ordinary houses made of rough-hewn beams with a big fireplace full of boulders. They did not use to have windows originally not even a chimney, so that the smoke and steam were let out by the doors or just narrow vents. The walls were black because of the soot. The heating was provided by birch logs so that the aroma of burnt wood could be smelled in the whole house. Sauna was mentioned many times in the famous Finish epos Kalevala, which was composed by a doctor Ellias Lonnrot in 1835. Sauna has found its place also in arts; a few years ago there was a theme of sauna on Finish stamps. Today, in Finland with 4,7 million inhabitants, there are more than 1 million saunas.

Steamy and sweating procedures can also be found in many other parts of the world, not only in Finland. Even in the 5th century B.C. a Greek writer Herodotus wrote about hot-air baths in Skýtov, when people brought red-hot rocks from a near-by fire to their tents made of fur and skin. In Nestor’s chronicle which describes the period up to the year 1206, we can find some facts about the old spas in Russia, where they were part of the ordinary life style. Here we can also read about the duchess Olga who lived in the year 945 and who avenged her husband Igor by killing the messengers of the duke Mal, who came to ask her to be married to him. While they were having a hot bath, she ordered them to be locked and burnt. (Source: Radzilov’s handwriting). Saunas were also mentioned in the 11th century: „in the country of Slavs I saw wooden spas, very much warmed up, where people took their clothes off, poured leaven on themselves, took some brooms or some sticks, and were whipping themselves” (translated by K. J. Erben, 1867).

In America, curative steamy spas similar to saunas were called „termaxcales“. Those were round or square huts made of stone with ceilings, a narrow entrance and an outside fireplace. Similar sweating spas can still be found there even today. North-American Indians were building sweating rooms in their tents made of skin with wooden frames. Many of them were whipping themselves with brooms and they used to finish the procedure by having a bath in cold water.

Eskimos, for a change, used to use hot springs of water to bath. We can see from all these examples that people in the past used to use brooms for whipping themselves to achieve perfusion. In the Middle Ages they were called “vieník“ or „chvoščiště“, in Finland they were called „vasta“ or „vichta“. In Russia it is still possible to order a „bánčik” during your sauning, who would take care of the whipping. In sports, Olympic Games have played an important role in favour of saunas. The first sauna was built in the Olympic village in the year 1924, but it was used only by Finish sportsmen and sportswomen. Since the Olympic Games in Berlin in 1936, there was a sauna accessible for the Olympic sportsmen and sportswomen from all the countries taking part. In former Czechoslovakia, the first sauna was probably built by doc. František Vojta near Štěpánovo in the year 1936 and in the year 1946 the first public sauna was opened in Brne-Pisárky.